As Nigeria celebrates her independence from British government, here are some facts you may not know about the country.
Nigeria is a country in west Africa, Officially called the Federal Republic of Nigeria, with thirty-six states and the federal capital territory, Abuja. Nigeria got her independence on October 1st, 1960, and is made up of over 450 ethnic groups with Hausa, Igbo, and Yoruba being the major tribes.
Nigeria is the most popular black nation on Earth. It was ranked “the third fastest-growing economy in the world after China and India” by the (IMF) in 2009.
Here are some facts you may not know about Nigeria:
–Nigeria is home to seven percent (7%) of the total languages spoken on earth. Taraba state alone has more languages than 30 African countries.
–Sarki Muhammad Kanta The Great of Kebbi, was the only ruler who resisted control by Songhai, West Africa’s greatest empire at that time. He founded and ruled the Hausa city-state of Kebbi around 1600 A.D and built Surame its capital, a planned city which was almost impossible to penetrate during war.
–The Walls of Benin (800-1400AD), in present day Edo State, are the longest ancient earthworks in the world.
–The Yoruba tribe has the highest rate of twin births in the world. Igbo-Ora, a little town in Oyo state, has been nicknamed Twin capital of the World because of its unusually high rate of twins that is put as high as 158 twins per 1000 births.
–According to the World Resources Institute, Nigeria is home to 4,715 different types of plant species, and over 550 species of breeding birds and mammals, making it one of the most ecologically vibrant places of the planet.
–Ile-Ife, in present day Osun State, was paved as early as 1000AD, with decorations that originated from Ancient America suggesting there might have been contact between the Yoruba’s and the Ancient Americans half a millennium before Columbus ‘discovered’ America.
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–The Jos Plateau Indigobird, a small reddish-brown bird, is found nowhere else on the planet but Plateau state, Nigeria.
–The Niger Delta (which is the second largest delta on the planet), has the highest concentration of monotypic fish families in the world, and is also home to sixty percent of Nigeria’s mangrove forests.
–Sungbo’s Eredo, a 160 km rampart equipped with guard houses and moats, is reputed to be the largest single pre-colonial monument in Africa. It is located in present-day Ijebu-Ode, Ogun State and when it was built a millennium ago.
–The Anambra waxbill, a small bird of many beautiful colours, is found only in Southern Nigeria and nowhere else on earth.
President of Nigeria, Muhammadu Buhari, in his Independence Day message, enjoined all Nigerians to put our hands on deck to better the fortunes of the country.